What is Biodiversity Class 10? Definition, Types And Importance

What is Biodiversity Class 10? Definition, Types And Importance

What is biodiversity class 10? Biodiversity refers to the diversity of life forms found in environments such as land, sea, and desert ecosystems, along with the ecological systems they contribute to.

What is Biodiversity?

Biodiversity definition class 10 refers to the range and abundance of life on our planet. It is an intricate aspect of Earth that plays a role in sustaining life.

The term “biodiversity” was first introduced in 1985. Holds significance in both human-made ecosystems. It encompasses the array of species found within the biosphere, including plants, animals, and microorganisms.

Biodiversity encompasses the variety of organisms and their distribution within an ecosystem, highlighting the way living beings are structured at different levels.

The significance of biodiversity extends to both economic aspects. It offers us sustenance, shelter, energy sources, clothing, and numerous other valuable resources. Additionally, it contributes to gains through tourism. As a result, having an understanding of biodiversity is crucial for ensuring a way of life.

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Types of Biodiversity

There are the following three different types of biodiversity:

  1. Genetic Biodiversity
  2. Species Biodiversity
  3. Ecological Biodiversity

Species diversity 

Species diversity pertains to the assortment of species within a specific region. It represents the level of biodiversity, which encompasses an array of organisms ranging from flora to diverse microorganisms.

Every member of the species is unique in their own way. Take humans, for instance; they exhibit a range of variations within their population.

Genetic diversity

Genetic diversity is the term used to describe the differences in resources among organisms. Within a species, each individual has a makeup, which is why humans all have different appearances. Likewise, there are strains within the species of crops, like rice, wheat, maize, barley, and so on.

Ecological diversity 

An ecosystem comprises a range of organisms, both living and nonliving, that interact with one another. Ecological biodiversity pertains to the diversity found in plant and animal species coexisting and interconnected through food chains and webs.

It encompasses the variety present across ecosystems within an area. This diversity can be observed in ecosystems such as deserts, rainforests, mangroves, and so on—an example of diversity.

Biodiversity in India

India stands out as one of the most diverse nations worldwide, boasting an impressive ranking of ninth in terms of its rich plant species. It’s worth noting that two of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots can be found within India’s borders. Moreover, India holds the distinction of being the birthplace of crop species like pigeon peas, eggplant, cucumber, cotton, and sesame. The country also serves as a hub for a range of domesticated species, including millets, cereals, legumes, vegetables, medicinal plants, and aromatic crops.

India’s faunal wealth is equally remarkable, with several 91,000 animal species calling this land home.

However, it is disheartening to witness a decline in this diversity. In response to this trend, numerous biodiversity conservation programs have been initiated to safeguard our natural heritage.

Importance of Biodiversity

Biodiversity plays a role in supporting life on our planet. Some reasons highlight the significance of biodiversity:

Ecological Stability

In any given ecosystem, each species has a role to play. They contribute by capturing and storing energy as well as producing and breaking down organic matter. These functions are crucial for the survival of humans, as they rely on the services provided by the ecosystem. A diverse ecosystem is particularly beneficial, as it enhances productivity and enables resilience in the face of challenges.

Economic Importance

Biodiversity plays a role in providing a range of resources that contribute to the production of food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

Crops, livestock, fisheries, and forests are abundant sources of nourishment.

Various wild plants, like Cinchona and Foxglove, are utilized for their properties.

Different plant species provide us with wood, fibres, perfumes, lubricants, rubber, resins, poisons, and cork.

National parks and sanctuaries do not offer tourism opportunities. Also brings beauty and joy to countless people.

Ethical Importance

Every living creature deserves the right to exist. It is our responsibility as humans to ensure that we do not intentionally drive any species towards extinction. Preserving biodiversity is crucial, as it safeguards cultures and spiritual legacies. Thus, it becomes imperative for us to conserve the diversity of life on Earth.

Why Is Biodiversity Important?

Biodiversity plays a role in aspects of our lives. We appreciate biodiversity for reasons, some practical and others inherent. This means that we value biodiversity both for its contributions to humanity and for its worth. Practical values include the resources we obtain from biodiversity, such as food, fuel, shelter, and medicine. Additionally, ecosystems offer services like pollination, seed dispersal, climate regulation, water purification, nutrient cycling, and pest control. Biodiversity also possesses value due to benefits that have yet to be acknowledged, like new medicines and other undiscovered services.

What is biodiversity class 10 exactly? Biodiversity holds significance for humans beyond its benefits. It has importance in spiritual and religious contexts. The intrinsic value of biodiversity is its worth, which exists independently of any factors or entities. This concept can be seen as the right to existence. Additionally, the value of biodiversity can also be appreciated through the connections and interactions we establish with one another and the natural world.

We appreciate biodiversity for the way it shapes our identities, our connections with others, and societal expectations. These values of connection and responsibility towards the environment contribute to the overall well-being of individuals and the community’s overall well-being. The diverse range of values assigned to biodiversity holds significance as they impact people’s choices in conservation efforts.

Threats to Biodiversity

Throughout the century, humans have exerted their dominance over the planet, resulting in changes to ecosystems and a significant decline in biodiversity worldwide. This current era has been coined the “Anthropocene” by some individuals. While it’s true that the Earth has always witnessed transformations and extinctions, they are now happening at a slower pace. The primary culprits responsible for this biodiversity crisis include habitat destruction, exploitation of resources, invasion of native species, pollution, and global climate change. The root causes behind these threats to biodiversity are intricate and multifaceted, often stemming from a combination of factors such as population growth and excessive consumption patterns.

The Good News

The great news is that we can modify our actions to safeguard the survival of species and maintain the health and integrity of systems. By gaining an understanding of the threats faced by biodiversity and how they manifest in different contexts, we can be better prepared to address conservation challenges. The dedicated conservation efforts over the decades have yielded significant improvements in the state of biodiversity today. More than 100,000 protected areas, including parks, wildlife refuges, game reserves, and marine protected areas managed by both governments and local communities, serve as crucial habitats for wildlife while also helping to combat deforestation. 

In cases where habitat preservation alone is insufficient, various other conservation measures like restoration, reintroduction of species, and controlling species have shown positive outcomes. Furthermore, ongoing efforts to enhance policies at regional and global levels have further strengthened these initiatives. Ultimately, individual choices and community lifestyles can have an impact on biodiversity and the environment. While it may not be possible to prevent all impacts on biodiversity entirely, armed with knowledge, we can strive to alter the course and magnitude of our influence on life on Earth.

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To sum up, what is biodiversity class 10? Biodiversity is what gives Earth its distinctiveness with its array of variations, species, and ecosystems. The significance of biodiversity and the need to safeguard it should be emphasized through Class 10 education to raise awareness and instill a sense of accountability.


What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the variety of living organisms on Earth, encompassing plants, animals, and microbes.

Who coined the term ‘Biodiversity’?

Walter G. Rosen coined the term, later popularized by Edward Wilson, considered the ‘father of biodiversity.’

Biodiversity Examples?

Includes plants, animals, bacteria, and humans; estimated at around 8.7 million species.

Why is biodiversity important?

Crucial for human existence is providing food, resources, medicines, oxygen, and ecosystem stability.

What are the consequences of species extinction?

Disruption of ecological balance, impacting other organisms in the short and long term.

What are the benefits of biodiversity?

Economic products (grains, medicines) and services (pollination, nutrient cycling, erosion prevention).

What is the importance of conserving biodiversity?

Critical for ecosystem functioning, species survival, and human well-being, ensuring a balanced and sustainable planet.

Threats to biodiversity?

Habitat destruction, pollution, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and unsustainable land use.

Individual contribution to biodiversity conservation?

Supporting conservation organizations, adopting sustainable behaviours, advocating for protection, and educating others.

what is biodiversity class 10 geography?

Biodiversity in Class 10 refers to the variety of life on Earth, including different species, genetic variations, and ecosystems.

Arjun Kumar

I’m a writer specializing in business content. I have 5-plus years of experience in the content marketing world. I’ve worked with various companies in a variety of industries, from news articles to technical articles. I have gained the skills to present helpful content to all precious audiences of the site. My only moto is to build trust, maintain worth and provide interesting content to the people